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Cryptocurrencies

The 10 Most Important Cryptocurrencies Other Than Bitcoin

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Cryptocurrencies were

Postby Mishura В» 10.01.2020

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Cryptocurrencies are almost always designed to be free from government manipulation and control, although as they have grown more popular this foundational aspect of the industry has come under fire. First, though, a caveat: it is impossible for a list like this to be entirely comprehensive. One reason for this is the fact that there are more than 2, cryptocurrencies in existence as of January , and many of those tokens and coins enjoy immense popularity among a dedicated if small, in some cases community of backers and investors.

Beyond that, the field of cryptocurrencies is always expanding, and the next great digital token may be released tomorrow, for all anyone in the crypto community knows. While bitcoin is widely seen as a pioneer in the world of cryptocurrencies, analysts adopt many approaches for evaluating tokens other than BTC.

The first bitcoin alternative on our list, Ethereum is a decentralized software platform that enables Smart Contracts and Decentralized Applications DApps to be built and run without any downtime, fraud, control, or interference from a third party.

The applications on Ethereum are run on its platform-specific cryptographic token, ether. Ether is like a vehicle for moving around on the Ethereum platform and is sought by mostly developers looking to develop and run applications inside Ethereum, or now by investors looking to make purchases of other digital currencies using ether.

During , Ethereum launched a pre-sale for ether which received an overwhelming response; this helped to usher in the age of the initial coin offering ICO. Ripple is a real-time global settlement network that offers instant, certain and low-cost international payments. Indeed, all of Ripple's XRP tokens were "pre-mined" before launch, meaning that there is no "creation" of XRP over time, only the introduction and removal of XRP from the market supply according to the network's guidelines.

In this way, Ripple sets itself apart from bitcoin and many other altcoins. So far, Ripple has seen success with its current business model; it remains one of the most enticing digital currencies among traditional financial institutions looking for ways to revolutionize cross-border payments.

It is also currently the third-largest cryptocurrency in the world by overall market cap. As of Jan. Litecoin is based on an open-source global payment network that is not controlled by any central authority and uses "scrypt" as a proof of work, which can be decoded with the help of CPUs of consumer-grade. Tether was one of the first and most popular of a group of so-called stablecoins , cryptocurrencies which aim to peg their market value to a currency or other external reference point so as to reduce volatility.

Because most digital currencies, even major ones like bitcoin, have experienced frequent periods of dramatic volatility, Tether and other stablecoins attempt to smooth out price fluctuations in order to attract users who may otherwise be cautious. Launched in , Tether describes itself as "a blockchain-enabled platform designed to facilitate the use of fiat currencies in a digital manner.

On Jan. Bitcoin Cash BCH holds an important place in the history of altcoins because it is one of the earliest and most successful hard forks of the original bitcoin. In the cryptocurrency world, a fork takes place as the result of debates and arguments between developers and miners. Due to the decentralized nature of digital currencies, wholesale changes to the code underlying the token or coin at hand must be made due to general consensus; the mechanism for this process varies according to the particular cryptocurrency.

BCH began its life in August of as a result of one of these splits. The debate which led to the creation of BCH had to do with the issue of scalability; the Bitcoin network has a strict limit on the size of blocks: one megabyte MB. BCH increases the block size from one MB to eight MB, with the idea being that larger blocks will allow for faster transaction times.

One of the most-hyped cryptocurrencies is one that, as of January , has yet to even launch. By mid, rumors circulated that social media giant Facebook, Inc. FB was developing its own cryptocurrency. Given Facebook's incredible global reach and the potential for massive volumes of exchange across its platform, the cryptocurrency world had long speculated that the social media titan might launch its own digital token.

Rumors were formally confirmed on June 18, , when Facebook released the white paper for Libra. Libra will be overseen in part by a new Facebook subsidiary, the financial services outfit Calibra. Monero is a secure, private and untraceable currency. This open-source cryptocurrency was launched in April and soon spiked great interest among the cryptography community and enthusiasts. The development of this cryptocurrency is completely donation-based and community-driven.

With this technique, there appears a group of cryptographic signatures including at least one real participant, but since they all appear valid, the real one cannot be isolated. Because of exceptional security mechanisms like this, Monero has developed something of an unsavory reputation: it has been linked to criminal operations around the world. Aside from Libra, one of the newest digital currencies to make our list is EOS.

Before his work on EOS, Larimer founded the digital currency exchange Bitshares as well as the blockchain-based social media platform Steemit. Like other cryptocurrencies on this list, EOS is designed after ethereum, so it offers a platform on which developers can build decentralized applications. EOS is notable for many other reasons, though.

EOS offers a delegated proof-of-stake mechanism which it hopes to be able to offer scalability beyond its competitors. IO, similar to the operating system of a computer and acting as the blockchain network for the digital currency, as well as EOS coins. EOS is also revolutionary because of its lack of a mining mechanism to produce coins. Instead, block producers generate blocks and are rewarded in EOS tokens based on their production rates. EOS includes a complex system of rules to govern this process, with the idea being that the network will ultimately be more democratic and decentralized than those of other cryptocurrencies.

In this sense, BSV is a fork of a fork of the original Bitcoin network. A planned network upgrade for November of resulted in a protracted debate between mining and developing factions in the BCH community, leading to a hard fork and the creation of BSV. Developers of Bitcoin SV suggest that this cryptocurrency restores Bitcoin developer Satoshi Nakamoto's original protocol, while also allowing for new developments to increase stability and to allow for scalability.

Bitcoin SV developers also prioritize security and fast transaction processing times. Founded in , Binance has quickly risen to become the largest exchange of its kind globally in terms of overall trading volume. The Binance Coin token allows Binance users to trade in dozens of different cryptocurrencies efficiently on the Binance platform. BNB is used to facilitate transaction fees on the exchange and can also be used to pay for certain goods and services, including travel fees and more.

Ethereum LinkedIn. Securities and Exchange Commission. Accessed Oct. XRP Ledger. Facebook, Inc. Bitcoin SV. Your Money. Personal Finance. Your Practice. Popular Courses. Part Of. Bitcoin Basics. Bitcoin Mining. How to Store Bitcoin. Bitcoin Exchanges. Bitcoin Advantages and Disadvantages. Bitcoin vs. Other Cryptocurrencies. Bitcoin Value and Price. Bitcoin continues to lead the pack of cryptocurrencies, in terms of market capitalization, user base, and popularity.

Virtual currencies such as Ethereum and XRP, which are being used more for enterprise solutions, have also become popular. Article Sources. Investopedia requires writers to use primary sources to support their work. These include white papers, government data, original reporting, and interviews with industry experts. We also reference original research from other reputable publishers where appropriate. You can learn more about the standards we follow in producing accurate, unbiased content in our editorial policy.

Compare Accounts. The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Investopedia receives compensation. Related Articles. Bitcoin Bitcoin vs. Ethereum: What's the Difference? Bitcoin Cash: What Is the Difference? Bitcoin What Determines the Price of 1 Bitcoin? Partner Links. Related Terms Altcoin Altcoins are alternative cryptocurrencies launched after the success of Bitcoin. The term "altcoin" refers to any of the thousands of cryptocurrencies other than Bitcoin.

Bitcoin Definition Bitcoin is a digital or virtual currency created in that uses peer-to-peer technology to facilitate instant payments. It follows the ideas set out in a whitepaper by the mysterious Satoshi Nakamoto, whose true identity has yet to be verified.

Cryptocurrency A cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual currency that uses cryptography and is difficult to counterfeit because of this security feature. Ripple Cryptocurrency Ripple is a technology that acts as both a cryptocurrency and a digital payment network for financial transactions.

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